MODERN SCIENTISTS OF FAITHGreat strides were made in science in the 20th century, and many discoveries, which had remained unknown for years, were unfurled. The progress science has made has demonstrated one fact clearly: The fact of creation.
Each scientific discovery points to a perfect design, order, and plan, in every part of nature, living or non-living. Themselves testifying to this truth, many scientists have seen that the design of the entire universe is the work of a superior Wisdom, and have gone on to defend the fact of creation, recognizing that everything has been created by the Almighty God.
Today, there are many respected academic organizations in the West, particularly in the USA, which have been established by believing scientists. These institutions work to make clear that scientific evidence confirms the perfect design of the universe.
Some of the scientists of faith of today, who are recognized for their scientific achievements, are as follows:
Dr. Henry Fritz SchaeferDr. Fritz Schaefer is the Graham Perdue Professor of Chemistry, and the director of the Center for Computational Quantum Chemistry, at the University of Georgia. He has been nominated for the Nobel Prize, and was recently cited as the third most quoted chemist in the world. Schaefer, a believing scientist, aspires to better know God through his scientific pursuits. As he puts it:
The significance and joy in my science comes in the occasional moments of discovering something new and saying to myself, 'So that's how God did it!'129
Isaac Bashevis Singer
Everything in the universe, living or non-living, possesses a superior design and perfect order. Therefore, none can be attributed to chance. It is obvious that each is the handiwork of a supreme and almighty Creator. The majority of modern scientists, like Singer, make light of that perfection and order, to demonstrate to all that it is the work of God.
Malcolm Duncan Winter, Jr.Prof. Winter, who received his M.D. in medicine from the Northwestern University Medical School, also believes that the universe and human beings were created by a superior Creator. He elaborated his views in his writings:
Earth and the universe with all their complexities, life in its various forms, and finally man himself with his superior thinking ability are all too intricate to have just happened. Therefore there has to be a Master Mind, a Creator, behind it all. There must be a God.131
William PhillipsPhillips, who earned the Nobel Prize as early as before his 50th birthday, for the development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light, is a believing scientist. At a press conference following the announcement of his winning of the Nobel Prize, he noted:
God has given us an incredibly fascinating world to live in and explore.132
Prof. Dale SwartzendruberProf. Swartzendruber, who first worked as an assistant soil scientist at the University of California, and then as an associate professor of soils at Purdue University, is also a member of Soil Science Society of America. Prof. Swartzendruber indicated, by the statement below, that the universe could not have formed by chance, and that it is the work of a Creator:
As a matter of fact, there is teleology, purpose, design "all over the place". One cannot escape it, in the heavens above or on the earth below. To deny a Great Designer is quite as illogical as to admire a magnificent field of yellow, waving grain and at the same time to deny the existence of the farmer in the farmhouse by the roadside.133
The world is God's creation, and scientists in understanding the world are simply retracing God's thoughts. Scientists are not creators but discoverers… The important thing about the act of creation is that it reveals the creator. The act of creation always bears the signature of the creator.134
Prof. Stephen Meyer
I argue that neither chance, nor "pre-biotic natural selection," nor physical-chemical "necessity" (in whatever theoretical guise) can explain the origin of information in the first cell.135
Prof. Walter L. Bradley
In the spring of 1987, I agreed to give a presentation on Christianity and science at Cornell University. I decided to experiment with a broad, popular level treatment of Scientific Evidence for the Existence of God…. It is abundantly clear evidence abounds for the existence of an intelligent creator.136
Earl Chester RexProf. Rex served as a lecturer in mathematics at the University of Southern California and then as an associate professor of physics at George Pepperdine College. Believing that the whole universe was created by God, and that it is under God's control, Prof. Rex remarked that any present theory of the origin and maintenance of the universe which ignores or denies Creation either doesn't explain all the pertinent facts or else becomes hopelessly involved and obscured.137
Dr. Allan SandageDr. Allan Sandage, one of the most distinguished astronomers of our day, chose to accept God at age 50. In an interview published in Newsweek magazine, which went by the title "Science Finds God", as its cover story, Sandage explained why he accepted religion:
It was my science that drove me to the conclusion that the world is much more complicated than can be explained by science. It is only through the supernatural that I can understand the mystery of existence.138
Prof. Cecil Boyce HamannHamann, a member of faculties of Greenville College, University of Kentucky and St. Louis University Medical School, currently teaches biology at the Asbury College. He is a scientist with a firm belief in God. Hamann expressed his belief in the following words:
Wherever I turn in the realm of science there is evidence of design, law and order - of a Supreme Being…. Yes, I believe in God. I believe in a God who is not only an all-powerful Deity who created and sustains this universe, but a God who is concerned about His crown of creation, man.139
Paul Ernest AdolphProf. Adolph, formerly an associate in anatomy at St. John's University, is a member of the Fellow of American College of Surgeons. He owes his firm faith to his scientific studies. Prof. Adolph once said of his faith:
… I would say that I definitely accept for myself the existence and reality of God. My conviction results not only from experiences of a spiritual nature, but medical practice has amply confirmed what I had accepted by faith…. Yes, indeed, there is a God!140
Lester John ZimmermanProf. Zimmerman, who received his Ph.D. from the Purdue University, and is professor of agriculture and mathematics at the Goshen College, discussed his faith in God in as such:
All Nature was originated by God, and He sustains it, incessantly. As I continue to study and observe the workings of Nature in soils and plants, my belief in God constantly increases, and I daily bow down before Him in wonderment and praise.141
Enrico MediEminent Italian scientist, Enrico Medi, spoke of the miracles a scientist comes across, and about the conclusion he finally arrived at, at an international conference in Rome in 1971:
…there is a cause, outside of space, outside of time, the master of being, which made being to be in this way. And this is God...142
Wayne U. AultProf. Ault earned a postgraduate degree from Columbia University, and was research fellow in Geochemical Laboratory, New York. Prof. Ault stated that scientific research enhances one's commitment to God:
The quest for knowledge and the inquisitiveness which asks the why and the how of Nature are part of the endowed traits of mind. Once the scientist has exercised faith in the Creator of the universe this faith can only grow as a result of studies in any direction.143
Prof. Michael P. GirouardMichael Girouard, a professor of biology at Southern Louisiana University, believes that life could not have come about by chance, and that the highly complex and perfect structure of proteins and the cell, the basic units of life, were created by God.
The makeup of living things is far more complicated than the results obtained in laboratory experiments. When we turn to the laws of chemistry and physics for an explanation, this is what we learn: There must definitely be an Intelligence, a Creator; a Creator who has ordered these laws. This is the most scientific explanation. The laws of physics and chemistry reveal to us in all certainty that the evolution and formation of living things from inanimate matter is impossible. In respect of these scientific findings, this not only bring an end to my speech, but also an end to evolution.144
Prof. Edward Boudreaux
Prof. Kenneth Cumming
Complexity at all levels, is seen. Uniqueness at all levels. Whether it is cellular level, at the organ level, at the body level, at the system level, these complexities are apparent… Cells and bodies are wonderfully made. Within a wide range of living machines, these are complex associations of proteins, fats, they build and tear down the tissues as well as synthesize and burn food… They show very intricate design features.146
Prof. Carl Fliermans
Modern biology proves that life forms did not come about by chance, which constitutes evidence for the superior creation by God.147
Prof. David MentonProf. David Menton, who affirmed his belief in God by saying "I've been examining the anatomies of living things for 30 years. Every time, I came across the reality of God's perfect creation."148, is a professor of anatomy at the University of Washington.
Prof. John MorrisThe famous geologist, Professor Morris, is the president of the Institute for Creation Research, which is the most prolific organization in the USA, formed by scientists defending creation. In a speech, Prof. Morris referred to his faith in God, and his belief that the theory of evolution has been refuted by science, in the following manner:
As do many noted and qualified scientists, we, as devout believers in God, believe that God is the Creator. It is God who rules over our lives and to whom we must turn. We owe our lives to Him and we are responsible for earning His good pleasure.149
Arthur PeacockeArthur Peacocke, whose primary scientific discipline was physical biochemistry, is director of the Ian Ramsey Centre at Oxford University. He proclaims his belief in God as such:
God creates and is present to each instant of the time of the created world; God transcends past and present time: God is eternal, in the sense that there is no time at which he did not exist nor will there be a future time at which he does not exist.150
Albert McCombs WinchesterHaving completed his postgraduate studies at the University of Texas, Prof. Winchester served as a professor of biology at the Baylor University, and was president of the Florida Academy of Science. He maintained that scientific research fortifies his belief in God:
Today, I am happy to say, after many years of study and work in the fields of science, my faith in God, rather than being shaken, has become much stronger and acquired a firmer foundation than heretofore. Science brings about an insight into the majesty and omnipotence of the Supreme Being which grows stronger with each new discovery. 151
Mehdi GolshaniPhysicist Mehdi Golshani, of Sharif University of Technology in Tehran, in an interview he gave to Newsweek, outlined his belief in God and that scientific research complements religion:
Natural phenomena are God's signs in the universe and studying them is almost a religious obligation. The Koran asks humans to "travel in the earth, then see how He initiated the creation." Research is a worship act, in that it reveals more of the wonders of God's creation.152
Prof. Edwin FastHaving completed his postgraduate work at the University of Oklahoma, and having taught at the same university in the department of physics, Prof. Fast maintains that it is completely impossible for atoms, the building blocks of matter, to have come together spontaneously to form the entire universe and living things. He expressed his belief in creation in these words:
Regressing far enough one must finally reach the conclusion that the existence of "natural laws", which describe systematics in the universe, is evidence of an Intelligence who chose to establish the operation of the universe as we observe it... The Cause which created the particles logically also determined the properties they were to have.153
Charles H. Townes
As a religious person, I strongly sense the presence and actions of a creative being far beyond myself and yet always personal and close by.154
John PolkinghorneJohn Polkinghorne, who has had a distinguished career in particle physics at Cambridge University, made the following statement in an interview with Newsweek:
When you realize that the laws of nature must be incredibly finely tuned to produce the universe we see, that conspires to plant the idea that the universe did not just happen, but that there must be a purpose behind it…For me, the fundamental component of belief in God is that there is a mind and a purpose behind the universe.155
Hugh RossHugh Ross, who holds a Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of Toronto, is President of "Reasons to Believe", a creationist institute in the USA. He has written many works on the relationship between cosmology and creation. Some of these are: The Creator and the Cosmos, Creation and Time, and Beyond the Cosmos. Some of Ross' remarks about the creation of the universe by a Creator are as follows:
If time's beginning is concurrent with the beginning of the universe, as the space-time theorem says, then the cause of the universe must be some entity operating in a time dimension completely independent of and pre-existent to the time dimension of the cosmos. …It tells us that the Creator is transcendent, operating beyond the dimensional limits of the universe.156
Prof. Dr. Duane GishDuane Gish, who earned a Ph.D. in biochemistry from University of California, Berkeley, is a respected scientist known for his religious conviction and his fight against the theory of evolution. Gish gave speeches at numerous conferences about the invalidity of the theory of evolution, and he is one of the foremost creationist debaters in the world today.
The theory of evolution is in a desperate crisis. On the contrary, the idea of creationism is backed by sound evidence. Today, thousands of scientists find the idea of creation increasingly convincing.158
Dr. Pierre Gunnar JerlstromJerlstrom, who received his Ph.D. in molecular biology from Griffith University, conducted numerous studies in his field, and was honored with several scientific awards. Dr. Jelstrom's articles are published in various scientific magazines. He is also known for his belief in creation.
Dr. Stephen GrocottGrocott has a Ph.D. from the University of Western Australia, in the field of organometallic chemistry of optically active metal complexes. He has worked for years as a research scientist in the field of alumina refining, environmental, analytical and industrial chemistry. He has published numerous papers in these fields. After many years as a passive evolutionist, he was stunned by the logic, completeness, and overwhelming mass of scientific evidence in support of Special Creation. Grocott is also a dynamic public speaker on this topic.
Dmitry KouznetsovThe Russian scientist Kouznetsov remarks that a large number of scientists have come to believe in God and religion in the face of the scientific facts they have discovered. Kouznetsov is also an ardent debater with evolutionists.159
Dr. Emil SilvestruDr. Emil Silvestru has worked as an associate professor in Babes-Bolyai University, Romania. An internationally respected authority on the geology of caves, he has published numerous scientific papers in academic journals worldwide. He was until recently the head scientist at the world's first speleological institute (speleology = the study of caves), and is a creationist scientist.
Dr. Andre EggenDr. André Eggen, who has conducted a great deal of research on animal genetics, has been working as a research scientist for the French government. Eggen believes in creation.
Dr. Ian MacreadieDr. Ian Macreadie is a molecular biologist who has done extensive research on molecular biology and microbiology. Author of more than 60 research papers, he is a Principal Research Scientist at the Biomolecular Research Institute of Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO). Dr. Macreadie, who believes in creation, also won the Australian Society for Microbiology's top award, for outstanding contributions to research.
Prof. Andrew Conway IvyOne of the most famous physiology experts in the world, Andrew Ivy was the Head of the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology of Northwestern University Medical School between 1925-1946. Prof. Ivy was Vice President of the University of Illinois from 1946 to 1953, and then he served as a Distinguished Professor of Physiology and Head of the Department of Clinical Science, University of Illinois, College of Medicine, Chicago. When asked, "Is there a Creator who created the universe?", he replied, "Yes, I am as certain that there is a God as I am certain of anything", and went on to say:
Belief in the existence of God provides the only complete, ultimate and rational meaning to existence. Belief in God is the only ultimate reason for the absolute certainty that man is a person and something more than a parcel of matter and energy. Belief in God is the source and the ultimate basis of the most inspired conception of the human mind.160
Dr. Raymond JonesDr. Jones has served for years in highly respected scientific agency of Australia's government, the CSIRO. He is best known for solving the Leucaena problem, which has earned millions of dollars for the Australian farming industries. Jones is a creationist scientist.
Jules H. PoirierJules H. Poirier has worked for the U.S. Navy as a senior electronic design specialist engineer for high-powered defense and space projects. He studied electrical engineering, physics and mathematics at the University of California at Berkeley. During his professional career, Jules Poirier was responsible for many design solutions and innovations, which helped the U.S. defense forces and the space program. Discovering the superior feats of wisdom in animals, Poirier concluded that they must have been created by a Creator. He is the author of the book From Darkness to Light to Flight: Monarch - the Miracle Butterfly, where he elaborates on this issue.
Michael J. Behe
Behe proves the invalidity of the theory of evolution with a concept he calls "irreducible complexity". According to this idea, many organs are composed of several well-matched, interacting parts that contribute to the basic function, wherein the removal of any one of the parts causes the system to effectively cease functioning. For this reason, coincidental or gradual development is out of the question.
In Darwin's Black Box, Behe wrote:
They were designed not by the laws of nature, not by chance and necessity; rather; they were planned. The designer knew what the systems would look like when they were completed, then took steps to bring the systems about. Life on earth at its most fundamental level, in its most critical components, is the product of intelligent activity. The conclusion of intelligent design flows naturally from the data itself… Inferring that biochemical systems were designed by an intelligent agent is a humdrum process that requires no new principles of logic and science. It comes simply from the hard work that biochemistry has done over the past forty years, combined with consideration of the way in which we reach conclusions of design every day.161
…I want to develop a challenge to materialistic evolution. Let's unite around the Creator.162
Charles BirchCharles Birch is professor emeritus at the University of Sydney, Australia. He is known for his firm faith in creation. He was awarded the Templeton Prize for Progress in Religion in 1990. His faith finds expression in his below:
God as the source of all value was "nearer than hands and feet, closer than breathing. The experience of God was real… God is both cause in creating the world and effect in experiencing the world.163
S. Jocelyn Bell Burnell
I believe in a God who is powerful and all-knowing, but also caring and forgiving… I am sure that there is a God.164
Prof. Owen GingerichOwen Gingerich is a professor of astronomy and the history of science at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts. He has a deep faith in God, which he declared in these words:
I believe in God as the superintelligence who planned and guided the creation of the universe… I believe that the creation of humanity is a principal purpose of the universe and that humankind was created in the image of God, particularly with respect to consciousness, conscience, and the moral freedom to choose right and wrong.165
Prof. Carl Friedrich von WeizsackerWeizsacker, physicist and philosopher, is a professor at the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft in Germany. He expressed his belief in God in the following manner:
On a beautiful starry night in the Jura Mountains of Switzerland I perceived two certainties: here God is present; and the stars are spheres of gas, as physics teaches us today.166
Prof. David BerlinskiDavid Berlinski, who received his Ph.D. in mathematics from Princeton University, believes that living things did not evolve, but are the products of intelligent design. In his works, Berlinski often refers to God as the author of this design. The following quotes from Berlinski are examples of this:
The structures of life are complex, and complex structures get made in this, the purely human world, only by a process of deliberate design. An act of intelligence is required to bring even a thimble into being; why should the artifacts of life be different?167
Prof. William Lane Craig
William Craig earned a doctorate in philosophy at the University of Birmingham, England, before earning a doctorate in theology, from the Ludwig Maximiliens Universitat-Munchen, West Germany. He believes that the universe was created by God for a special purpose. Craig's views are reflected in these remarks:
…the universe has a cause of its existence. In fact, I think that it can be plausibly argued that the cause of the universe must be a personal Creator. For how else could a temporal effect arise from an eternal cause?… We have seen on the basis of both philosophical argument and scientific confirmation that it is plausible that the universe began to exist. Given the intuitively obvious principle that whatever begins to exist has a cause of its existence, we have been led to conclude that the universe has a cause of its existence. On the basis of our argument, this cause would have to be uncaused, eternal, changeless, timeless, and immaterial. Moreover, it would have to be a personal agent who freely elects to create an effect in time. Therefore, on the basis of the kalam cosmological argument, I conclude that it is rational to believe that God exists.169
Dr. Kurt WisePaleontologist Dr. Kurt Wise, who is an Assistant Professor of Science at the Department of Mathematics and Natural Science of Bryan College, is known for his opposition to the theory of evolution and his firm faith in God. "Creation isn't a theory" he says. "The fact that God created the universe is not a theory - it's true."171
Sigfrid Hartwig SchererSigrid Hartwig-Scherer, who received his Ph.D. in physical anthropology from the University of Zurich, is the author of Ramapithecus-Vorfahr des Menschen? (Ramapithecus - Progenitor of Humans?) In her works, she demonstrates that the fossil record refutes the theory of evolution, and that apes are not the ancestors of humans. She feels that all creatures are the work of a Creator.
J.P. MorelandJ.P. Moreland, Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Southern California, is a faithful scientist, and the author of Christianity and the Nature of Science, and The Creation Hypothesis.
Paul A. Nelson
Prof. Jonathan Wells
Dr. Don BattenDon Batten has done extensive research in plant physiology and has won a number of academic rewards for his studies. He is also a scientist with a devout belief in God's existence. He has written a number of books and numerous articles about the signs of creation on Earth, in addition to his own field, which is plant physiology. He also toured the world offering lectures in which he explained God's signs to people in non-academic language. The Australian scientist conducted his first lecture tour in England in 1995.
Dr. John BaumgardnerDr. Baumgardner, who earned a Ph.D. in geophysics and space physics from University of California, Los Angeles, was led by his research into the impasses of the theory of evolution to denounce the theory, and admit to Creation, despite having received an evolutionist education.
Prof. Dr. Donald ChittickDr. Donald Chittick received his Ph.D. in physical chemistry from Oregon State University. He has been honored with many awards for his research. He offers lectures in subjects such as "Evidence for Creation" and "Creation and the Early Earth".
Dr. Werner GittDr. Gitt is a director and professor at the German Federal Institute of Physics and Technology (Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig). He has written numerous scientific papers in the fields of information science, mathematics, and control engineering. Dr. Gitt, who believes in Creation, has also written many books in which he criticizes the theory of evolution. The titles of his books are Did God Use Evolution?, In the Beginning was Information, Stars and their Purpose: Signposts in Space, and If Animals Could Talk.
Dr. Gary E. ParkerEn route to his M.S. in Biology/Physiology from Ball State, Dr. Parker earned several academic awards. He began his career as an evolutionist. Faced with convincing scientific evidence supporting creation, Dr. Parker abandoned the theory of evolution, and admitted to the existence of the Creator. He has published a number of books in biology and creation science, and has lectured worldwide on creationism.
Dr. Margaret HelderDr. Helder is a scientist, a botanist, and Vice-President of the Creation Science Association of Alberta, Canada. She is also probably the most prominent woman in creation science. She has written numerous articles about the signs of creation surrounding us.
Prof. Dr. Jonathan D. SarfatiDr. Sarfati, who obtained a Ph.D. in chemistry from Victoria University of Wellington, has co-authored many papers in mainstream scientific journals. He has long been interested in the defense of faith, and he is currently an active research scientist in creationism.
Prof. Robert MatthewsA graduate in physics from Oxford University and a fellow of the Royal Statistical Society and Royal Astronomical Society, Robert Matthews described God's miracle of creation in his book published in 1992:
The whole process normally takes place in perfect harmony, producing a foetus, then a living baby, a child and finally an adult. Like so much in biology, the whole process is seemingly miraculous. How can such stunning complexity be produced from such simple beginnings? How, in short, does a single cell far smaller than the dot of this letter "i" produce a sentient being? Many of the processes involved remain mysterious, and constitute one of the most fascinating of all the Outstanding Mysteries.172
Dr. Claude TresmontantDr. Claude Tresmontant, of the University of Paris, in an interview in Realities magazine, described his faith in creation, and his belief that the Earth could not have come into being by chance:
No theory of chance can explain the creation of the world…It makes no sense to say that chance can account for the creation of being.173
Dr. Don PageDon Page received his Ph.D. in physics from the California Institute of Technology in 1976, and has worked with noted scientists since then. Page believes that comprehending the universe helps in coming to an awareness of God's might and wisdom, though not sufficient to fully grasp it.
Dr. Andrew SnellingDr. Snelling, Ph.D. in geology, has been involved in research projects with various CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific Industrial Research Organization), ANSTRO (Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization) and University scientists across Australia, and with scientists from the USA, Britain, Japan, Sweden and the International Atomic Energy Agency. As a result of this research Andrew is involved in the writing of scientific papers that are being published in international scientific journals. He has been honored with a number of prizes for his contribution to creation science, and has written numerous articles on the signs of creation in living things.
Dr. Carl WielandDr. Carl Wieland, a creationist medical doctor, is in great demand as a speaker on the scientific evidence for creation. He has also authored numerous articles on the subject, which have been published internationally.
| 129. US News & World Report, December 23, 1991|
130. Taskin Tuna, Sonsuz Uzaylar (Eternal Spaces), p. 31
131. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence of God in an Expanding Universe, pp. 182-183
132. www.leaderu.com/offices/ schaefer/docs/scientists.html
133. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence of God in an Expanding Universe, p. 191
134. William Dembski, The Act of Creation, Bridging Transcendence and Immanence, presented at Millstatt Forum, Strasbourg, France, 10 August 1998
135. Stephen C. Meyer, taken from his lecture titled "The Explanatory Power of Design: DNA and the Origin of Information", delivered at "Mere Creation: Reclaiming the Book of Nature", Conference on Design and Origins, Biola University, November 14-17, 1996
136. http://www.leaderu.com/ real/ri9403/evidence.html
137. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence of God in an Expanding Universe, p. 181
138. Sharon Begley with Marian Westley, "Science Finds God", Newsweek, July, 20, 1998, p.46
139. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence of God in an Expanding Universe, p. 219
140. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence of God in an Expanding Universe, p. 212
141. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence of God in an Expanding Universe, p. 196
142.Acts of the Second International Catechetical Congress, Rome, 20-25, September 1971, Rome Studium, 1972 pp. 449-450
143. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence of God in an Expanding Universe, p. 211
144. Michael Girouard, taken from his lecture titled "Is it Possible for Life to Emerge by Coincidences?", delivered at the second international conference, named "The Collapse of the Theory of Evolution: The Fact of Creation", organized by the Science Research Foundation on July 5, 1998 in Istanbul, Turkey.
145. Edward Boudreaux, taken from his lecture titled "The Design in Chemistry", delivered at the second international conference, named "The Collapse of the Theory of Evolution: The Fact of Creation", organized by the Science Research Foundation on July 5, 1998 in Istanbul, Turkey.
146. Kenneth Cumming, taken from his lecture delivered at the first international conference, named "The Collapse of the Theory of Evolution: The Fact of Creation", organized by the Science Research Foundation on April 4, 1998 in Istanbul, Turkey.
147. Carl Fliermans, taken from his lecture delivered at the second international conference, named "The Collapse of the Theory of Evolution: The Fact of Creation", organized by the Science Research Foundation on July 5, 1998 in Istanbul, Turkey.
148. David Menton, taken from his lecture delivered at the second international conference, named "The Collapse of the Theory of Evolution: The Fact of Creation", organized by the Science Research Foundation on July 5, 1998 in Istanbul, Turkey.
149. John Morris, taken from his lecture delivered at the second international conference, named "The Collapse of the Theory of Evolution: The Fact of Creation", organized by the Science Research Foundation on July 5, 1998 in Istanbul, Turkey.
150. John Marks Templeton, Evidence of Purpose - Scientists Discover the Creator, Continuum, New York 1994, p.103
151. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence of God in an Expanding Universe, p. 165
152. Newsweek, July, 20, 1998, p.49
153. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence of God in an Expanding Universe, p. 155
154. Newsweek, July, 20, 1998, p.49
155. Newsweek, July, 20, 1998, p.48-49
156. Hugh Ross, Creator and the Cosmos, p.112
157. Hugh Ross, Design and the Anthropic Principle, Reasons to Believe, CA1988
158. Duane Gish, taken from his lecture delivered at the first international conference, named "The Collapse of the Theory of Evolution: The Fact of Creation", organized by the Science Research Foundation on April 4, 1998 in Istanbul, Turkey.
159. http://earth.ics.uci.edu/faqs/ kouznetsov.html
160. John Clover Monsma, The Evidence of God in an Expanding Universe, p. 225
161. Michael J.Behe, Darwin's Black Box, New York: Free Press, 1996, p.196
162. Tim Stafford, The Making of a Revolution, Christianity Today, Volume 41, Number 14, December 8, 1997
163. John Marks Templeton, Kenneth Seeman Giniger, Spiritual Evolution - Scientists Discuss Their Beliefs, Templeton Foundation Press, Philadelphia &, London, pp.3,14
164. John Marks Templeton, Kenneth Seeman Giniger, Spiritual Evolution - Scientists Discuss Their Beliefs, Templeton Foundation Press, Philadelphia &, London, pp.22-23
165. John Marks Templeton, Kenneth Seeman Giniger, Spiritual Evolution - Scientists Discuss Their Beliefs, Templeton Foundation Press, Philadelphia &, London, pp.50-51
166. John Marks Templeton, Kenneth Seeman Giniger, Spiritual Evolution - Scientists Discuss Their Beliefs, Templeton Foundation Press, Philadelphia &, London, p.131
169. http://www.leaderu.com/ truth/3truth11.html
170. William Lane Craig, Cosmos and Creator, Origins & Design, vol.17, p.18
171. http://www.answersingenesis.org/ Docs/3119.htm
172. Robert Matthews, Unravelling The Mind of God, p.
173. Claude Tresmontant, "It is Easier to Prove the Existence of God Than It Used to Be", Réalités, Paris, April 1967, p. 46